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Justice is one of the infinite qualities or attributes of God Almighty. It is with justice that He manifests His righteousness a nd vindicates His holy name. Without justice, there would be no order in the universe and it would not be possible to realise Jehovah’s grand purposes for creating mankind.

According to good dictionaries - the word "justice" means "the quality of being just; rightness; fairness, especially in the way people are treated and decisions are made". It is an indisputable fact that God Almighty is the embodiment of absolute justice. His laws or judgments are equitable and are not grievous , and He is just and true in all His ways. Moses the prophet declared, “He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he." (Deuteronomy 32:4 . See also Revelation 15:3) 
Many years ago, David, a king and prophet in Israel was inspired to declare that Justice and judgment are the habitation of the throne of God. (Psalm 89:14) Because God is immortal and does not change (Malachi 3:6), He should be absolutely trusted to give His people their due reward. - Hebrews 6:18; Isaiah 40:8.

THE FALL OF ADAM AND EVE


The justice of God was clearly manifested in the Garden of Eden. It would be recalled that after man had been created, God Almighty gave him a law, the violation of which carried the death penalty as it is written: "And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." (Genesis 2:16, 17) When the devil appeared to Eve in the form of a serpent and lured her to eat the fruit , she told him of the law of God and the consequences of violating it. But the devil countered her, saying, "Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil." - Genesis 3:4-5. 
The great blunder the woman made was that she listened to the lies of the devil and was deceived. The Bible says: "And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat." - Genesis 3:6.

Sequel to their breaking the law given to them, God Almighty summoned the man and the woman for judgment, thus giving them a full and fair opportunity of defending themselves. (Genesis 3:8-13) From this example we learn the divine principle in executing judgment, which is that the laws, offences and the guilt should be clearly established so that those involved would be convinced of their transgressions. (Job 36: 9) From the fair hearing which God Almighty gave the first couple, has grown the law of Natural Justice, the traditional name for legal standards of basic fairness, the breach of which will lead to the decision being set aside or judicial review being granted. The requirement is that persons affected by an action should be afforded a fair and unbiased hearing before the decision to act is taken and that one cannot be a judge in his own cause.

PUNISHMENT

 
The punishment meted to Adam and Eve by God Almighty was according to the order in which they committed the offence. The first to be punished was the serpent. The Bible says: "And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life." (Genesis 3:14) Furthermore, God Almighty declared: "And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel." (Genesis 3:15) The curse is thus targetted primarily at the Tempter, satan the devil. The devil will be cast down from his exalted position, his empire will be destroyed, before he will receive a fatal bruise in the head.

The bruising of the serpent’s head, refers to the killing of the devil by Jesus Christ, the seed of the woman (Galatians 3:16) as St. Paul explained in Romans 16:20. Before the devil is killed, he will attack or persecute "the woman", (God’s Organisation), but he cannot prevent the work of God from going on. - Hebrews 2:14; Ezekiel 28:12-17; Isaiah 14:12-15; Revelation 12:17.

The next to receive punishment was Eve, and the Bible account says: "Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.” (Genesis 3:16) Evidently, child delivery by the woman was meant to be painless and stress free; but thenceforth it would be a hazardous, agonizing or laborious affair. It is not surprising therefore that a woman who is about to deliver is said to be “in labour”. The woman’s subjection to the man was deepened by the fact that she had to depend on him for her upkeep, since the couple were, from that time, to labour for their food.

The Bible shows that although the woman Eve was deceived, the man was not deceived. (1Timothy 2: 13, 14) Adam deliberately broke the law given to him by God. But while under trial, he blamed the woman for his sin and even God Almighty for giving him the woman. He was guilty of self-justification. People of God should not do that. See Job 31:33, 40 
In passing the sentence on Adam, God Almighty stated further: "And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life." - Genesis 3:17. For not being manly enough to resist the overtures from his wife to eat the fruit, the ground would not be as fertile as it was meant to be. The various food items which were specially made for the nourishment of man were no longer to grow spontaneously but through long and hard labour. Weeds and thorns would be growing more readily on the land than food -bearing plants. Adam started subsisting on imperfect food and became subject to continuous degeneration and ultimately to death. Some may ask: "Why did Adam not die the very day he sinned?" The Bible shows that a day with the Lord is as a thousand years. Thus Adam, who died at the age of 930 years, died within God's "one day" - which is about a thousand years. ( Genesis 5:5; Psalm 90:4; 2 Peter 3:8) Indeed, "the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord." - Romans 6:23.

INHERITED SIN


 All the children of Adam became sinners due to his fall. They became subject to sufferings, sickness, fears, sorrows and death. (Romans 3:23) That was why David declared: “Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.” (Psalm 51:5) Also, Apostle Paul stated: “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.” (Romans 5:12) The Bible asks, “Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? Not one.” - Job 14:4. 
It could therefore be understood why the posterity of Adam had to inherit his sins as well as the sentence of death passed on him. However, they do not have to inherit his punishment permanently - for God Almighty would not allow people to suffer endlessly because of circumstances over which they have no control. That was why God sent Jesus Christ as a ransom for man, so that those who do not follow Adam’s path of disobedience will have life, by His grace . – Deuteronomy 19: 21; Galatians 3: 13; 1 Peter 2:22,23 ; 2 Corinthians 5:21. 
The goodness of God in sending Jesus Christ to save mankind is evidence of his justice . The Bible states: “For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die. But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” (Romans 5:7, 8) St. Paul added: “For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous." - Romans 5:17-19.

We should repose absolute trust in God Almighty, the em bodiment of perfect justice, Who will always do what is right for His people. He deserves adoration and worship. 
May God Almighty “the Judge of all the earth”, continue to guide us to do His will at all times, so that we may have life in the end by His grace through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

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