Text: :“On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king, To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on. But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains… - Esther 1:10-12.
Comment: As proof of the wealth and splendor of the empire of Persia, and also the peace he enjoyed King Ahasuerus declared some days of festivities in the course of which he invited the queen to come so as to be admired by his guests. But she sent word that she would not come. Some have argued that her modesty, would not allow her to consent to expose herself to a drunken group of men. But the fact was that she disobeyed the king and if she had any reasons for her action was not discreet enough to know how to handle the situation. The king, having been disgraced openly, decided that the queen should be given exemplary punishment by way of removal, for her act of disobedience so that other women in the empire do not copy her to disobey their husbands but that every man should be able to “bear rule in his own house”. - Esther 1:22; Compare Ephesians 5:22-24.
On the other hand the king preferred Esther because of her humility, simplicity and modesty “so that he set the royal crown upon her head and made her Queen instead of Vashti”. (Esther 2:17,18) The lesson we learn from this is that when God has given us exceptional abilities or gifts in any area, we should not be carried away, knowing that the privilege could be taken away and given to others. “Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.” - 1 Corinthians 10:12.