That the Almighty God and Jesus Christ are not one and the same God is quite clear in the Holy Bible. Whereas the Almighty Father has no beginning and is self-existent, Jesus the Son was created. The person of God the Father is in all respects distinguished from the Son. And at all times – be it in his pre-human days, or during the incarnation, or after his glorification and exaltation – the Son, Jesus, has always been and will ever be subject to the Father.
Since the Council of Nicaea adopted the Athanasian Creed and declared the doctrine of “The Trinity” as an article of faith, many who profess Christianity have been misled because of not taking time to understand the true meaning of this doctrine. They have been plunged into a state under which they are now unable to distinguish between the Father of Jesus Christ – JEHOVAH the Almighty God – and Jesus Christ himself who is the Son and Mediator between Him (God) and men.
The Athanasian Creed states in part: “That we worship one God in Trinity and Trinity in Unity; neither confounding the Persons: nor dividing the Substance. For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son: and another of the Holy Ghost. But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, is all one: the Glory equal, the Majesty co-eternal. The Father uncreate, the son uncreate and the Holy Ghost uncreate… so like wise the father is Almighty, the Son Almighty: and the Holy Ghost Almighty. And yet they are not three Almighties: but one Almighty. So the Father is God, the son is God: and the Holy Ghost is God. And yet they are not three Gods: but one god… and in this Trinity none is afore, or after other: none is greater or less than another; but the whole three Persons are co-eternal together: and co-equal.”
On the basis of the Athanasian Creed it is written in The Explanatory Catechism of Christian Doctrine,that “the Father, Son, and the Holy Ghost are all one and the same God”.
Flowing from this, some have said that, Jehovah of the Old Testament is the Jesus Christ of the New Testament that came to die for our sins. In effect such ones are saying that for the period of Mary’s conception and throughout the time Jesus Christ was on earth there was no God in heaven, and when he (Jesus) was killed and buried there was not God in existence. If it is God the Almighty Who left His throne in heaven and came in the form of man to live among men, whose voice then came from heaven during Christ’s baptism saying, “This is my beloved Son. In whom I am well pleased.”? – Matthew 3:16, 17
God the Almighty Father is not subject to death - He is immortal. And so He could not be the one who came to the earth in the form of man and was betrayed and killed by wicked men. Of Him (JEHOVAH) it is written: “Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.” – 1 Timothy 6:16
It was the Word, the Son of God, who was incarnated, as the angel Gabriel told Mary: “…and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.” (Luke 1:35) And when he came on earth he was seen of men as it is written: “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” – John 1:14
As a result of the faithfulness of Jesus Christ in his earthly mission God the Father has highly exalted him far above all the angels, (Philippians 2:9-11; Hebrews 1:1-8) and rewarded him with immortality by which he has power over death and hell or grave. And he (Jesus) declared: “I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.” – Revelations 1:18
The word god, from the Hebrew word Elohim bears the meaning of one who is mighty or powerful. And so Jesus Christ is a God; Rulers and Judges, especially those who rule and administer justice in the fear of God and by reason of the powers vested in them, are gods. All other gods, including Jesus Christ, who are the creatures of the Most High, are subject to Him (the Father). In Psalm 82:1, 6 it is written: “God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High.” - Read also Exodus 22:28
For the fact that the Creator is supreme He is known as the “…God of gods, and Lord of lords…” (Deuteronomy 10:17) And the Psalmist declared: “For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods.” (Psalm 95:3) If gods are not many as the clergy teach, why the foregoing divine statements by the prophets of God? St. Paul stated: “For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,) But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” (1 Corinthians 8:5, 6). The apostle did not say that the one God is made up of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. Rather he said “…there is but one God, the Father.”
There is nothing wrong therefore to say that Jesus Christ is God as there are also other gods. But the point is that Jesus Christ is a different or separate entity from the person of God the Father. Those who say that Jesus Christ and the Father exist co-eternally are very wrong indeed. The Bible shows vividly that Jesus Christ derived life from or was created by the Father. It is only the Almighty God, the Father, Who is self-existent as signified by His name JEHOVAH. Concerning Him the Psalmist declared, “…even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.” – Psalm 90:2
Isaac Newton according to The True Bible Code published by the Lord’s Witnesses (October 2000, pages 218 – 219) faults the Trinity doctrine, using the Jigsaw Principle. He stated that: “it is not possible for three oranges to be one orange; it is not possible for a father to be a Son, this contradicts the definitions of both father and son. The son is defined as an offspring of a father and not an ‘onspring’ as it were; Sons are by definition created by their fathers, a son cannot be uncreated”. Jesus Christ declared of Himself: “For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself.” (John 5:26) Jesus Christ was created before all other things and thus has the unique honour of being the Beginning of the creation of the Almighty God. (Revelation 3:14, Proverbs 8:22-30, Colossians 1:15-17) In fact, it was through him other perfect things, both visible and invisible, were created. But it is a pity that this vital truth revealed in the Scriptures still remains a mystery to many who claim to be Christians.
In John 1:1, it is written: “In the beginning was the word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God”. God Almighty has no beginning, and so the “beginning” in this text means when the Word or Logos (Greek) who is God the Son was created or brought into existence. If God Almighty and Jesus Christ the Word are one and the same God or Person, it will not make sense to say that “The Word was with God”. It was the Word and not God Almighty who came to the world in the flesh and was called Jesus Christ. As it is written: “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” – John 1:14
After the creation of Jesus Christ, God the Almighty Father made him His creative agent and so made other perfect things through him. Thus it is stated: “All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.” (John 1:3) That God created other things through Jesus Christ was confirmed by St. Paul in his epistle to the Ephesians in which he spoke of the wonderful grace of God given him to preach among the Gentiles. He added: “And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ.” (Ephesians 3:9) Jesus Christ himself stated that he derived life from the Father. (John 5:26) And throughout the period of his ministry on earth he never indicated that he was God Almighty Himself Who came in the form of man, rather he stated categorically that he was sent as a subordinate by the Father. He said: “I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.” – John 5:30, Read also John 6:38, 12:49
When Jesus Christ was to raise Lazarus to life he prayed to his Father for help. (John 11: 38-44) After he had accomplished his ministry on earth he said prayerfully to God the Father: “I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.” (John 17:4, 5) If Jesus were God Almighty Himself his sayings would have reflected his self-sufficiency and not as one who was carrying out the instructions of a superior or who expected reward from another. And when he (Jesus) was faced with violent death, he prayed: “And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt. ” – Matthew 26:39
It will be unreasonable to suggest that he was praying to himself. The truth is that Jesus directed his prayer to the Father, God Almighty, Who is in heaven. Jesus Christ did say, “I and my Father are one.” (John 10:30) He did not by this mean that They were one and the same God. Rather he meant that They were united or were one in purpose – acting together in harmony. The oneness he meant is clearly shown in his prayer to the Father on behalf of his disciples. He said: “Neither pray I for these (apostles) alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one…” (John 17:20-23) No reasonable person will infer that Christ’s prayer implies that all his disciples should be one and the same person. The fact is that he prayed so that his followers may be of one accord or be united; in other words, they should be one in purpose. - 1 Corinthians 1:10
Despite the fact that Jesus Christ like God the Almighty is a spirit (as the angels also are spirits) and holds very high office, he has never snatched at equality with the Father. He stated quite positively that his Father the Almighty God is greater than himself. He told his apostles: “Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I.” (John 14:28) If he was the Father Himself who came in the form of a man why did he say, “I go unto the Father’?
What is more, St. Paul stated: “But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.” (1 Corinthians 11:3). But contrary to this glaring truth of the Scriptures, the Athanasian Creed says, “And in this Trinity none is afore, or after other: none is greater.”
The Holy Bible further shows that Jesus Christ, at the height of his glory during and after his millennial reign when all things shall have been made subject to him will still be subordinate to the Father. As it is written; “For he (Christ) is destined to reign until God has put all enemies under his feet; and the last enemy to be abolished is death. Scripture says, He has put all things in subjection under his feet.’ But in saying ‘all things’, it clearly mean to exclude God Who subordinates them; and when all things are thus subject to him, then the Son himself will also be made subordinate to God Who made all things subject to him, and thus God will be all in all”. - 1 Corinthians 15:25-28 – New English Bible
Please let us consider the import of the Trinitarian doctrine dispassionately: it means that when Jesus Christ was in the womb, God Almighty was there too; when Christ died and was buried, God died and was buried. Can one imagine a world where God is not in existence and the havoc satan will create? From these one can see that the doctrine of “Trinity” is, to say the least, very unscriptural, unreasonable and blasphemous. It is responsible for the ignorance and confusion of many people about God and Jesus Christ.
The fact is that JEHOVAH Whom we serve does not slumber nor sleep much less being subject to death. (Psalm 121:3, 4, 1 Timothy 6:16) It is most unfortunate that the sonship of Jesus Christ, which the clergy of today say is a mystery, was clear to mad men in time of old, as it is written: “And when he was come to the other side into the country of the Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way. And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?” – Matthew 8:28, 29; Mark 5:1-13
God Almighty cannot be made equal with any as He asked through the Prophet Isaiah: “To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him? To whom then will ye liken me, or shall I be equal? saith the Holy One.” And “To whom will ye liken me, and make me equal, and compare me, that we may be like?” – Isaiah 40:18, 25, 46:5, 42:8
The Almighty God is not pleased with the priests who despise His name by making Him equal with His son as recorded in Malachi Chapter 1 Verse 6: “A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?” That God Almighty and Jesus Christ are not one and the same God, has been made abundantly clear in the light of the Scriptures. Whosoever does not know or have the accurate knowledge of God and Jesus Christ so as to worship Them in truth cannot be saved. “…For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” (1 Timothy 2:3-5) And Jesus said “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.” - John 17:3