To anoint means to apply oil on a person or a thing. From time of old, the anointing has been the means by which God Almighty inducts or puts His servants into offices and commissions or empowers them to carry out the sacred tasks He had assigned to them. By virtue of the anointing, the person or thing becomes fully dedicated to the service of God.
In time of old, Almighty instructed Moses to make what was then called the holy anointing oil. He gave him directives as to the ingredients and composition of the holy anointing oil according to Exodus chapter 30 verses 22-25. In verses 30 - 33 Moses was instructed to anoint Aaron and his sons with the holy anointing oil. "Moreover the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels, And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin: And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil." (Exodus 30:22-25) In verse 30 - 33, God told Moses to anoint Aaron and his sons with the oil as a formal way of consecrating them into the priesthood.
The warning is there given; that the oil should not be applied on indiscriminately on just anybody and that anyone who makes any oil like it would be cut off from the congregation. "And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office. And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations. Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you. Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people." see also chapter 28 verse 41. In chapter 40:9-16 God told Moses to anoint itrems used in the temple service as well as Aaron and His sons.
In course of time, the anointing became the mode for installing kings of Israel into their offices. The first king to be so inducted was Saul according to 1 Samuel chapter 9 verse 16 and chapter 10 verse one. Another prominent king of Israel so anointed was David according to 1 Samuel chapter 16 verses 11-13 and Solomon in 1 Kings chapter 1 verse 39. I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him." (Ps. 89: 20) "And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul." - 2 Sam. 12: 7.
In 1 Kings chapter 19 verses 15, 16 Elijah the prophet was instructed to anoint Hazael to be king of Syria, Jehu as king of Israel and Elisha as prophet in his stead. . "And the LORD said unto him, Go, return on thy way to the wilderness of Damascus: and when thou comest, anoint Hazael to be king over Syria: And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room." - 1 Kings 19:15-16.
The Bible shows clears that the anointing with holy oil typified or foreshadowed the anointing with the holy spirit, by which the servants of God in the Christian era were empowered to be His legal representatives here on earth. By the gift of the anointing they are able to see and understand spiritual things as to be competent to testify to the truth of His word. The first person to be so anointed was Jesus Christ for whom a prophecy was made in Psalm 45:7, which St. Paul made reference to in Hebrews 1:9. In Isaiah 61 verses 1-3 which Jesus Christ explained as fulfilling on him, in Luke chapter 4 verses 18-21. John the Baptist, speaking about Jesus Christ stated in Matthew 3:11 stated: "I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire." And as he stated, Jesus Christ was baptized in River Jordan by John the Baptist; "And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." (Matthew 3:16-17)
That is why his name Christ, from the word Christos in Greek and Messiah in Hebrew means anointed one.
It is by virtue of the anointing that Jesus Christ went about dispensing the gospel to the poor and meek, and doing many good works to the glory of God as St. Peter pointed out in Acts chapter 10:38. Before he ascended to heaven, Jesus Christ promised to send the holy spirit, the spirit of anointing to the apostles..
"And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you." "But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you." - John 14: 16, 26, see also John 15:26; 16:13. Just before his ascension, he told them that when the anointing spirit comes, they would be his witnesses not only in Jerusalem but in far-flung places. "But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth." (Acts 1:8)
This fulfilled on the day of Pentecost, the 50th day after the Passover, when the holy spirit descended on the apostles as cloven tongues of fire and the apostles were given utterance to address the congregation who came for the festival in various languages as stated in Acts 2:1-21. "And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language. And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born? Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites," There were about 16 different languages spoken by the apostles under the power of the holy spirit.
From verse 12, it is written "And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this? Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine. But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day. But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy: And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come: And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved." (Acts 2:1-21)
The fact is that the gift of speaking in tongues served the purpose of spreading the gospel to people of other languages other than the Hebrew nation, for the gospel to reach beyond the confines of the Jewish nation. That purpose has been served as there are now Christians in virtually all parts of the world. The gift has now ceased. St. Paul himself stated that the gift will in course of time cease. - 1 Corinthians 13:8.
Apostle Peter explained that what happened on the day of Pentecost was a fulfillment of the prophecy God made through his servant Joel, which fulfilled in the last days of the Jewish era. The text should not be taken literally, else it would mean that all flesh, including animals and birds would have the holy spirit. In point of fact, the phrase, all flesh " refers to the anointed Christians because they are men.. They are first born sons whose names are written in heaven according to Hebrews 12:23. In the words of Apostle James they a kind of first fruits of God's creatures. In 1 John 3:2, "Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is." And in Revelation 14:4 it is written concerning these apostles "These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb."
They are called daughters not because they are women, but because they are spiritually married to Jesus Christ as his bride to bring forth children to God. (Revelation 21:9; 22:17)
In 2 Corinthians 11:2 it is written: "For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ." As a wife brings forth children, so the saints also bear children who get converted to the truth by the preaching of the gospel. That was why St. Paul said: "For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel." - 1 Corinthians 4:15
The young men means that the saints are strong and vigorous because of the knowledge of God they have. The glory of young men is their strength (Proverbs 20:29) But in their case their strength is spiritual." "For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)" - 2 Corinthians 10:3, 4 see also Ecclesiastes 7:12.
They are servants to Christ because they are wholly obedient to him and serve him exclusively. (Isaiah 43:10) Like the early apostles, once called they become the Lord's free man. "For he that is called in the Lord, being a servant, is the Lord's freeman: likewise also he that is called, being free, is Christ's servant. Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men." (1 Corinthians 7:22, 23) The apostles once called forsake every secular calling and devote themselves exclusively to the Lord's service. They live of the gospel. But the apostles we have today work in ministries, or companies. Mark the words of Apostle Paul :" Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel. But I have used none of these things: neither have I written these things, that it should be so done unto me: for it were better for me to die, than that any man should make my glorying void. For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel! For if I do this thing willingly, I have a reward: but if against my will, a dispensation of the gospel is committed unto me." (1 Corinthians 9:14-17) Compare the case of Simon Peter and Andrew his brother in Mathew 4:18,19. In the book of Romans chapter one verse, Paul was called to be an apostle separated unto the gospel of God.
That not all the 120 who were in the upper chamber that day of Pentecost in Jerusalem received the anointing is proven by words in verses 13 and 14. "Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine." (verse 13) "But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words." (Acts 2:14)
The mark of the apostles is the truth which they preach unmixed with lies. They do not have to go to seminaries or higher institutions of the world to understand the Bible. Read 1 John 2:27. That was the case with St. Paul who started preaching after receiving the anointing; he only went to see the apostles before him, three years after his call. (Galatians 1:11,12, 15-19) But the apostles and saints of today attend seminaries and universities to study the Bible.
Again the anointing cannot be bought with money. These days, some will pay heavy amounts to Bishops and pastors to be anointed. A leader of one of the denominations collapsed and died as he was anointing so many people who were paying N5000 each. The case of Simon the ex-sorcerer is instructive. He offered money to St. Peter to receive the gift of the holy spirit and was severely chastised for so doing. (Acts 8:18-24)
Also the position of an anointed servant is not one that anybody hustles for. It is not a position in a hierarchy that man can give to another, or one can aspire to. It is only God who chooses them, and even knows them before they are born. See Romans 8:28-30; Hebrews 5:4; Romans 9:15,16. Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) Galatians 1:1
We thank God that one of the anointed remnant was chosen from this part of the world, in person of St. Gideon Meriodere Urhobo of the blessed and eternal memory.
According to his account; it was after "three and half years diligent and prayerful studies of the Holy Bible, that Jesus Christ revealed himself to him in a vision and commanded him to go and proclaim the good news of God's Kingdom (or 'Gospel of Peace') to all nations as the only remedy for all human sufferings and woes; to expose all the false doctrines which Satan had used to deceive the people and to keep them in ignorance of God's Kingdom and purpose of creation; and to pronounce God's written judgment against all wickedness."
Some people make light of this assertion. By virtue of the truth he preached and the works he did, he is indeed an apostle according to the Bible. "Am I not an apostle? am I not free? have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord? If I be not an apostle unto others, yet doubtless I am to you: for the seal of mine apostleship are ye in the Lord. Mine answer to them that do examine me is this, (1 Corinthians 9:1-3)
The anointing spirit is different from the ordinary spirit which God gives to his worshippers. One can pray for that one. (Luke 11:13) And the signs or fruits of the spirit will be seen in such person. (Galatians 5:22,23) Indeed anyone who does not have the spirit of God is none of his. (Romans 8:9)